Diabetes is a chronic condition where the patient is unable to regulate their own blood glucose levels (1). Insulin is a peptide hormone produced by pancreatic islets beta cells: it breaks down glucose into glycogen that is absorbed by cells in the liver, fat and muscles. If blood glucose levels are not managed properly, it can result in patients developing life-threatening complications like diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), heart attack or stroke.
In 2021, it was estimated around 537 million adults between the ages of 20-79 years old were living with diabetes: this is expected to rise to 643 million by 2030. 1 in 2 adults (240 million) with diabetes went undiagnosed and 541 million adults had an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (2).